1934 Italy

After eight meetings FIFA decided to award the 1934 finals to Italy, the Italian bid was chosen in preference to the bid from the Swedish government. 32 countries applied to take part so for the first time a qualifying stage was held. Reigning champions Uruguay refused to enter as a protest of several European countries refusing to travel to South America for the 1930 tournament. The home nations also refused to enter as FA committee member Charles Sutcliffe’s view was "the national associations of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland have quite enough to do in their own International Championship which seems to me a far better World Championship than the one to be staged in Rome".

Despite their role as hosts, Italy were still required to qualify, the first and only time the host nation was not granted automatic qualification. The qualifying matches were arranged on a geographical basis. Withdrawals by Chile and Peru meant Argentina and Brazil qualified without playing a single match.

Twelve of the sixteen places were allocated to Europe, three to the Americas, and one to Africa or Asia (including Turkey). Only ten of the 32 entrants, and four of the 16 qualified teams (Brazil, Argentina, United States and Egypt, the first African team to qualify for a World Cup finals tournament), were from outside Europe. The last place in the finals was contested between the United States and Mexico only three days before the start of the tournament in a one-off match in Rome, which the United States won.

The majority of the 16 teams were making their first World Cup appearance. These included nine of the twelve European teams (Italy, Germany, Spain, the Netherlands, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Austria, and Switzerland) together with Egypt. Egypt would not qualify for another World Cup final until the next time the competition was held in Italy, in 1990.

All eight first round matches kicked off at the same time. Hosts and favourites Italy won handsomely, defeating the USA 7–1; the New York Times correspondent wrote that "only the fine goal-tending of Julius Hjulian of Chicago kept the score as low as it was".

Internal disputes meant Argentina's squad for the tournament did not contain a single member of the team which had reached the final in 1930. Against Sweden in Bologna, Argentina twice took the lead, but two goals by Sven Jonasson and a winner by Knut Kroon gave Sweden a 3–2 victory. Fellow South Americans Brazil also suffered an early exit. Spain beat them comfortably; 3–1 the final score.

For the only time in World Cup history, the last eight consisted entirely of European teams—Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. All four non-European teams who made the journey to Italy were eliminated after one match.

In the quarter-finals, the first replayed match in World Cup history took place, when Italy and Spain drew 1–1 after extra time. The match was played in a highly aggressive manner. Rough play injured the Spanish goalkeeper Ricardo Zamora in the first match, leaving him unable to participate in the replay. Italy won the replay 1–0, their play so physical that at least three Spaniards had to depart the field with injuries. Italy then went on to beat Austria in the semi finals by the same score. Meanwhile, Czechoslovakia secured their place in the final by beating Germany 3–1.

The Stadium of the National Fascist Party was the venue for the final. With 80 minutes played, the Czechoslovakians were ahead 1–0. The Italians managed to score before the final whistle, and then added another goal in extra time to be crowned World Cup Winners.

Italy's total of three goals conceded in five matches was a record low for a world champion. It was matched by England in 1966 (who played six matches) and Brazil in 1994 (who played seven), but was not surpassed until 1998 when France won the World Cup conceding only two goals over seven games, Italy in 2006 and Spain in 2010.

Taken from 1934 World Cup (Wikipedia)

Matches

Mt Date Round 1
Att  
19 27 May  Austria 3-2 France  16,000 Stadio Benito Mussolini Turin
20 27 May  Czechoslavkia 2-1 Romania 9,000 Stadio Littorio Trieste 
21 27 May Germany 5-2 Belgium 8,000 Stadio Giovanni Berta Florence
22 27 May Hungary 4-2 Egypt 9,000 Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli Naples
23 27 May Italy 7-1 U.S.A 25,000 Stadio Nazionale Rome
24 27 May Spain 3-1 Brazil 21,000 Stadio Luigi Ferraris Genoa
25 27 May Sweden 3-2 Argentina 14,000 Stadio Littoriale Bologna
26 27 May Switzerland 3-2 Holland 33,000 Stadio San Siro Milan
    Quarter Final
         
  27 31 May
Austria 2-1  Hungary  23,000 Stadio Littoriale
Bologna
  28 31 May  Czechoslavkia  3-2
Switzerland  12,000 Stadio Benito Mussolini  Turin 
  29 31 May  Germany  2-1  Sweden  3,000
Stadio San Siro  Milan 
  30 31 May  Italy  1-1
Spain  35,000
Stadio Giovanni Berta  Florence 
    Replay          
  31   1 Jun
Italy 1-0 Spain 43,000 Stadio Giovanni Berta Florence
   
Semi Final          
  32   3 Jun
  Italy 1-0
  Austria   35,000 Stadio San Siro
  Milan
  33   3 Jun
Czechoslavkia  3-1 Germany    15,000 Stadio Nazionale   Rome
    3rd Place PO          
34 7 Jun Germany 3-2 Austria 7,000

Stadio Giorgio

Ascarelli

Naples
Final          
35 10 Jun Italy 2-1 Czechoslavakia 55,000 Stadio Nazionale 
Rome

Leading Tournament Goal scorers

1 Oldrich Nejedly Czechoslavakia 5
2 Edmund Conen Germany 4
2 Angelo Schiavio Italy 4
4 Raimundo Orsi Italy 3
4 Leopold Kielholz Switzerland 3
6 Johann Horvath Austria 2
6 Bernard Voorhoof Belgium 2
6 Abdelrahman Fawzi Egypt 2
6 Karl Hohmann Germany 2
6 Ernst Lehner Germany 2
6 Geza Toldi Hungary 2
6 Giovanni Ferrari Italy 2
6 Giuseppe Meazza Italy 2
6 Jose Iraragorri Spain 2
6 Sven Jonasson Sweden 2
Oldrich Nejedly
Oldrich Nejedly

Tournament Refferee's

John Langenus
Belgium 4
Almeida Rego
Brazil 3
Jose Macias Argentina 2
Anibal Tejada Uruguay 2
Henri Christope Belgium 1
Ulises Saucedo Boliva 1
Alberto Warnken Chile 1
Thomas Balvay France 1
Domingo Lombardi Uruguay 1
Francisco Mateucci Uruguay 1
Ricardo Vallarino Uruguay 1
Champions "Italy" 1934
Champions "Italy" 1934

World Cup Finals Percentage Rankings 1930-34



Apps Pld Won Drw Lst For Agn GD %
1 Uruguay 1 4 4 0 0 15 3 12 100.00%
2 Italy 1 5 4 1 0 12 3 9 86.67%
3 Czechoslakia 1 4 3 0 1 9 6 3 75.00%
4 Germany 1 4 3 0 1 11 8 3 75.00%
5 Chile 1 3 2 0 1 5 3 2 66.67%
6 Yugoslavia 1 3 2 0 1 7 7 0 66.67%
7 Argentina 2 6 4 0 2 20 12 8 66.67%
8 Hungary 1 2 1 0 1 5 4 1 50.00%
9 Paraguay 1 2 1 0 1 1 3 -2 50.00%
10 Switzerland 1 2 1 0 1 5 5 0 50.00%
11 Sweden 1 2 1 0 1 4 4 0 50.00%
12 U.S.A 2 4 2 0 2 8 13 -5 50.00%
13 Austria 1 4 2 0 2 7 7 0 50.00%
14 Brazil 2 3 1 1 1 6 5 1 44.44%
15 Spain 1 3 1 1 1 4 3 1 44.44%
16 Romania 2 3 1 0 2 5 8 -3 33.33%
17 France 2 4 1 0 3 6 6 0 25.00%
18 Holland 1 1 0 0 1 2 3 -1 0.00%
19 Egypt 1 1 0 0 1 2 4 -2 0.00%
20 Boliva 1 2 0 0 2 0 8 -8 0.00%
21 Peru 1 2 0 0 2 1 4 -3 0.00%
22 Belgium 2 3 0 0 3 2 9 -7 0.00%
23 Mexico 1 3 0 0 3 4 13 -9 0.00%

Leading World Cup Goal Scorers 1930-34

Pos
Gls
1934 1930
1 Guillermo Stabile 8 Argentina   8
2 Oldrich Nejedly 5 Czechoslavakia 5  
3 Pedro Cea 5 Uruguay   5
4 Edmund Conen 4 Germany 4  
5 Angelo Schiavio 4 Italy 4  
6 Bert Patenaude 4 U.S.A   4
7 Raimundo Orsi 3 Italy 3  
8 Leopold Kielholz 3 Switzerland 3  
9 Carlos Peucelle 3 Argentina   3
10 Preguinho 3 Brazil   3
11 Peregrino Anselmo 3 Uruguay   3
12 Ivan Bek 3 Yugoslavia   3

Leading all time refferee's






1934 1930







1 John Langenus 5 Belgium 1930-34 1 4
2 Almeida Rego 3 Brazil 1930   3
3 Rinaldo Barlassina 3 Italy 1934 3  
4 Ivan Eklind 3 Sweden 1934 3  
5 Jose Macias 2 Argentina 1930   2
6 Francesco Mattea 2 Italy 1934 2  
7 Rene Mercet 2 Switzerland 1934 2  
8 Anibal Tejada 2 Uruguay 1930   2
9 Alois Beranek 1 Austria 1934 1  
10 Eugen Braun 1 Austria 1934 1  
11 Henri Christophe 1 Belgium 1930   1
12 Louis Baert 1 Belgium 1934 1  
13 Ulises Saucedo 1 Bolivia 1930   1
14 Alberto Warnken 1 Chile 1930   1
15 Thomas Balvay 1 France 1930   1
16 Alfred Birlem 1 Germany 1934 1  
17 Johnannes van Moosel 1 Holland 1934 1  
18 Albino Carraro 1 Italy 1934 1  
19 Domingo Lombardi 1 Uruguay 1930   1
20 Francisco Mateucci 1 Uruguay 1930   1
21 Ricardo Vallarino 1 Uruguay 1930   1

By Country


Countries Refs Games
1 Belgium 3 7
2 Italy 3 6
3 Uruguay 4 5
4 Brazil 1 3
5 Sweden 1 3
6 Argentina 1 2
7 Switzerland 1 2
8 Austria 2 2
9 Bolivia 1 1
10 Chile 1 1
11 France 1 1
12 Germany 1 1
13 Holland 1 1