1938 France

France was chosen as hosts by FIFA in Berlin on August 13, 1936. France defeated Argentina and Germany in the first round of voting. The decision caused outrage in South America where it was believed that the venue would alternate between the two continents; instead, it was the second tournament in a row to be played in Europe. This was the last World Cup to be staged before the outbreak of the Second World War.

Because of anger over the decision to hold a second successive World Cup in Europe, neither Uruguay nor Argentina entered the competition, while Spain became the first country to be prevented from competing by war.

It was the first time that the hosts (France) and the title holders (Italy) qualified automatically. Title holders were given an automatic entry into the World Cup until 2006 when this was abolished.

Of the fourteen remaining places, eleven were allocated to Europe, two to the Americas, and one to Asia. As a result, only three non-European nations took part: Brazil, Cuba and the Dutch East Indies. This is the smallest ever number of teams from outside the host continent to compete at a FIFA World Cup.

Austria qualified for the World Cup, but after qualification was complete, the Aeschylus united Austria with Germany and Austria withdrew from the tournament, with some Austrian players joining the German squad. Latvia was the runner-up in Austria's qualification group, but was not invited to participate; instead Austria's place remained empty, and Sweden, which would have been Austria's initial opponent, progressed directly to the second-round by default.

This tournament saw the first, and as of 2010 the only, participation in a World Cup tournament from Cuba and the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia). It also saw the World Cup debuts of Poland and Norway. Norway would not qualify for another World Cup finals until 1994, while Poland and the Netherlands would not reappear at a finals tournament until 1974.

The knockout format from 1934 was retained. If a match was tied after ninety minutes, then thirty minutes of extra time were played. If the score was still tied after extra time, the match would be replayed. This was the last of the two World Cup tournaments that used a straight knockout format.

Germany, France, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Cuba and Brazil were seeded for draw taking place in Paris, on 5 March 1938.

Five of the first round matches required extra time to break the deadlock; two games still went to a replay. In the replays, Switzerland ousted the team of Germany, to which some Austrian players had been added for political reasons, with a score of 4–2, while Cuba managed to advance to the next round at the expense of. This remains, as of 2010, the only time in World Cup history in which Germany was eliminated in the first round, and the only tournament in which Germany competed but failed to finish in the final eight (the nation did not compete in 1930 and was banned from the 1950 competition

Sweden advanced directly to the quarter-finals as a result of Austria’s withdrawal, and they proceeded to beat Cuba 8–0. The hosts, France, were beaten by the holders, Italy and Switzerland were seen off by Hungary. Czechoslovakia took Brazil to extra time in a notoriously feisty match in Bordeaux before succumbing in a replay; the South Americans proved too strong for the depleted Czechoslovak side (both Oldrich Nejedly and Fratisek Planicka had suffered broken bones in the first game) and won 2–1. This was the last ever match to be replayed in a World Cup.

 

Hungary destroyed Sweden in one of the semi-finals 5–1, while Italy and Brazil had the first of their many important World Cup clashes in the other. The Brazilians rested their star player Leonidas confident that they would qualify for the final, but the Italians won 2–1. Brazil topped Sweden 4–2 for third place. It is notable that Sweden reached the final four having won only one match (as a result of Austria's withdrawal from the first round): the only time this has happened in a World Cup.

The final itself took place at the Stade Olympique de Colombes in Paris.Vittorio Pozzo’s Italian side took the lead early, but Hungary equalised within two minutes. The Italians took the lead again shortly after, and by the end of the first half were leading the Hungarians 3–1. Hungary never really got back into the game. With the final score favouring the Italians 4–2, Italy became the first team to successfully defend the title and was once more crowned World Cup winners.

Because of World War 2, the World Cup would not be held for another 12 years, until1950 As a result, Italy were the reigning World Cup holders for a record 16 years, from 1934 to 1950. The Italian Vice-President of FIFA, Dr Ottorino Barassi, hid the trophy in a shoe-box under his bed throughout the Second World War and thus saved it from falling into the hands of occupying troops.

Taken from World Cup 1938 (Wikipedia)

Matches

04-Jun R1 Switzerland 1 1 Germany 27,152 Parc des Princes Paris
05-Jun R1 Brazil 6 5 Poland 13,452 Meinau Strasbourg
05-Jun R1 Cuba 3 3 Romania 7,000 Stade Municipal Toulouse
05-Jun R1 Czechoslavakia 3 0 Holland 11,000 Cavee Verte Le Harve
05-Jun R1 France 3 1 Belgium 30,454 Olympique Paris
05-Jun R1 Hungary 6 0 Dutch East Indies 9,000 Municipal Velodrome Reims
05-Jun R1 Italy 2 1 Norway 19,000 Velodrome Marseille
09-Jun R1r Cuba 2 1 Romania 8,000 Stade Municipal Toulouse
09-Jun R1r Switzerland 4 2 Germany 20,025 Parc des Princes Paris
12-Jun QF Brazil 1 1 Czechoslovakia 22,021 Parc Lescure Bordeaux
12-Jun QF Hungary 2 0 Switzerland 15,000 Victor Boucquey Lille
12-Jun QF Italy 3 1 France 58,455 Olympique Paris
12-Jun QF Sweden 8 0 Cuba 7,000 Fort Carree Antibes
14-Jun QFr Brazil 2 1 Czechoslavakia 18,141 Parc Lescure Bordeaux
16-Jun SF Hungary 5 1 Sweden 20,000 Parc des Princes Paris
16-Jun SF Italy 2 1 Brazil 33,000 Velodrome Marseille
19-Jun 3P Brazil 4 2 Sweden 12,000 Parc Lescure Bordeaux
19-Jun F Italy 4 2 Hungary 45,000 Olympique Paris

World Cup Final Percentage Rankings 1930-38



Apps


Pld Won Drw Lst For Agn GD
%
1   1   Uruguay   4 4 0 0 15 3 12   100.00%
2   2   Italy   9 8 1 0 23 8 15   92.59%
3   2   Hungary   6 4 0 2 19 9 10   66.67%
4   2   Argentina   6 4 0 2 20 12 8   66.67%
5   1   Chile   3 2 0 1 5 3 2   66.67%
6   1   Yugoslavia   3 2 0 1 7 7 0   66.67%
7   2   Czechoslakia   7 4 1 2 14 6 8   61.90%
8   3   Brazil   8 4 2 2 20 17 3   58.33%
9   2   Germany   6 3 1 2 14 12 2   55.56%
10   1   Austria   4 2 0 2 7 7 0   50.00%
11   1   Paraguay   2 1 0 1 1 3 -2   50.00%
12   2   U.S.A   4 2 0 2 8 13 -5   50.00%
13   2   Switzerland   5 2 1 2 10 10 0   46.67%
14   1   Spain   3 1 1 1 4 3 1   44.44%
15   1   Cuba   3 1 1 1 5 12 -7   44.44%
16   2   Sweden   5 2 0 3 15 13 2   40.00%
17   3   France   6 2 0 4 10 10 0   33.33%
18   3   Romania   5 1 1 3 9 12 -3   26.67%
19   1   Norway   1 0 0 1 1 2 -1   0.00%
20   1   Poland   1 0 0 1 5 6 -1   0.00%
21   1   Egypt   1 0 0 1 2 4 -2   0.00%
22   1   Peru   2 0 0 2 1 4 -3   0.00%
23   2   Holland   2 0 0 2 2 6 -4   0.00%
24   1   Dutch East Indies   1 0 0 1 0 6 -6   0.00%
25   1   Boliva   2 0 0 2 0 8 -8   0.00%
26   1   Mexico   3 0 0 3 4 13 -9   0.00%
27   3   Belgium   3 0 0 3 3 12 -9   0.00%

World Cup Ranking Points (Awarded for final position by FIFA)




Apps Total 1938 1934 1930
1   Italy 2 31 15 16  
2   France 3 27 12 8 7
3   Czechoslakia 2 26 11 15  
4   Hungary 2 25 14 11  
5   Brazil 3 24 13 3 8
6   Argentina 2 20   8 12
7   Germany 2 20 6 14  
8   Switzerland 2 20 10 10  
9   Romania 3 18 7 5 6
10   Sweden 2 17 8 9  
11   Austria 1 13   13  
12   Uruguay 1 13     13
13   Spain 1 12   12  
14   U.S.A 2 12   1 11
15   Yugoslavia 1 10     10
16   Holland 2 10 2 8  
17   Chile 1 9     9
18   Cuba 1 9 9    
19   Belgium 3 8 3 2 3
20   Paraguay 1 5     5
21   Poland 1 5 5    
22   Egypt 1 4   4  
23   Norway 1 4 4    
24   Peru 1 4     4
25   Boliva 1 2     2
26   Dutch East Indies 1 1 1    
27   Mexico 1 1     1

Table of Honour

Pos

Ch RU 3rd 4th
1   Italy 2      
2   Uruguay 1      
3   Argentina   1    
4   Czechoslavakia   1    
5   Hungary   1    
6   Brazil     1  
7   Germany     1  
8   Austria       1
9   Sweden       1

Leading Goal Scorers 1938

1 Leonidas de Silva Brazil 7
2 Gyula Zsengeller Hungary 6
3 Gyorgy Sarosi Hungary 5
4 Silvio Piola Italy 5
5 Gino Colaussi Italy 4
6 Ernst Wilimowski Poland 4
7 Jose Peracio Brazil 3
8 Romeu Pellicciari Brazil 3
9 Tore Keller Sweden 3
10 Arne Nyberg Sweden 3
11 Gustav Wetterstrom Sweden 3
12 Andre Abegglen Switzerland 3
13 Hector Socorro Cuba 2
14 Oldrich Nejedly Czechoslavakia 2
15 Jean Nicolas France 2
16 Stefan Dobay Romania 2
Leonidas da Silva
Leonidas da Silva

Leading Goal Scorers 1930-38 (Top 25)

Pos
Gls
1938 1934 1930
1 Guillermo Stabile 8 Argentina     8
2 Leonidas de Silva 8 Brazil 7 1  
3 Oldrich Nejedly 7 Czechoslavakia 2 5  
4 Gyula Zsengeller 6 Hungary 6    
5 Gyorgy Sarosi 6 Hungary 5 1  
6 Silvio Piola 5 Italy 5    
7 Pedro Cea 5 Uruguay     5
8 Edmund Conen 4 Germany   4  
9 Gino Colaussi 4 Italy 4    
10 Angelo Schiavio 4 Italy   4  
11 Ernst Wilimowski 4 Poland 4    
12 Andre Abegglen 4 Switzerland 3 1  
13 Bert Patenaude 4 U.S.A     4
14 Carlos Peucelle 3 Argentina     3
15 Jose Peracio 3 Brazil 3    
16 Romeu Pellicciari 3 Brazil 3    
17 Preguinho 3 Brazil     3
18 Jean Nicolas 3 France 2 1  
19 Geza Toldi 3 Hungary 1 2  
20 Giuseppe Meazza 3 Italy 1 2  
21 Raimundo Orsi 3 Italy   3  
22 Stefan Dobay 3 Romania 2 1  
23 Tore Keller 3 Sweden 3    
24 Arne Nyberg 3 Sweden 3    
25 Gustav Wetterstrom 3 Sweden 3    
26 Sven Jonasson 3 Sweden 1 2  
27 Leopold Kielholz 3 Switzerland   3  
28 Peregrino Anselmo 3 Uruguay     3
29 Ivan Bek 3 Yugoslavia     3

Referee's 1930-38






1938 1934 1930








1 John Langenus 7 Belgium 1930-34-38 2 1 4
2 Ivan Eklind 5 Sweden 1934-38 2 3  
3 Rinaldo Barlassina 4 Italy 1934-38 1 3  
4 Almeida Rego 3 Brazil 1930     3
5 Jose Macias 2 Argentina 1930     2
6 Alois Beranek 2 Austria 1934-38 1 1  
7 Louis Baert 2 Belgium 1934-38 1 1  
8 George Capdeville 2 France 1938 2    
9 Lucien Leclercq 2 France 1938 2    
10 Alfred Birlem 2 Germany 1934 1 1  
11 Francesco Mattea 2 Italy 1934   2  
12 Rene Mercet 2 Switzerland 1934   2  
13 Anibal Tejada 2 Uruguay 1930     2
14 Eugen Braun 1 Austria 1934   1  
15 Henri Christophe 1 Belgium 1930     1
16 Ulises Saucedo 1 Bolivia 1930     1
17 Alberto Warnken 1 Chile 1930     1
18 Augustin Krist 1 Czechoslavakia 1938 1    
19 Thomas Balvay 1 France 1930     1
20 Roger Conrie 1 France 1938 1    
21 Johnannes van Moosel 1 Holland 1934   1  
22 Pal Von Hertzka 1 Hungary 1938 1    
23 Albino Carraro 1 Italy 1934   1  
24 Giuseppe Scarpi 1 Italy 1938 1    
25 Hans Wuethrich 1 Switzerland 1938 1    
26 Domingo Lombardi 1 Uruguay 1930     1
27 Francisco Mateucci 1 Uruguay 1930     1
28 Ricardo Vallarino 1 Uruguay 1930     1

By Country 1930-38

Countries Refs Games
Belgium 3 7
Italy 3 6
Uruguay 4 5
Brazil 1 3
Sweden 1 3
Argentina 1 2
Austria 2 2
Switzerland 1 2
Bolivia 1 1
Chile 1 1
France 1 1
Germany 1 1
Holland 1 1